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Year 2/3

Knowledge and skills covered over a 2 year rolling programme 

Knowledge Overview


Prehistory/ Stone Age

•Name and locate the world’s 7 continents and oceans

•Use basic geographical vocabulary and ask geographical questions.

•Identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, equator, northern and southern hemisphere

 •Local History

•Make simple comparisons and identify differences between local and contrasting non-EU country and draw conclusions

•Locate and name on map major features e.g London, River Thames, home location, seas

Conflicts: Romans/ Vikings/ Saxons/ WW1/2 World Leaders

•Study geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country

•locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including the location of Russia) and North and South America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities

•human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water

Moon landing, discovering America, Henry VIII, Stuarts (including Great Fire of London) Global Warming

•understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country, and a region within North or South America

•name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time



Geographical Enquiry: (2)Children encouraged to ask simple geographical questions, use non- fiction texts, stories, maps, pictures/ photos and internet as sources of information, investigate their surroundings , make appropriate observations about why things happen, make simple comparisons between features of different places. (3) Begin to ask/ initiate geographical questions , Use NF books, stories, atlases, pictures, photos and internet as sources of information. Investigate places and themes at more than one scale, begin to record and collect and record evidence. Analyse evidence and begin to draw conclusions e.g make comparisons between 2 locations using photos/ pictures/ temperatures in different locations.

Direction/ location: (2)Follow directions up/ down/ forwards/ backwards and North, South, East, West (3) Use 4 compass points to follow/ give directions and use letter / no: co-ordinates to locate features on a map.

Drawing maps: (2)Draw a map of a real or imaginary place ( e.g add detail to a sketch map from aerial photo. (3) Make a map of a short route experienced with features in correct order, make a simple scaled drawing

Representation: (2) Begin to understand the need for a key, use class agreed symbols to make a simple key. (3) Know why a key is needed, use standard symbols.

Using maps: (2)Follow a route on a map, use a plan view, use an infant atlas to locate places (3) Locate places on larger scale maps e.g Europe. Follow a route on a map with some accuracy e.g whilst orienteering.

Scale/ Distance: (2) Begin to spatially match places (e.g recognise UK on a small scale and larger scale map) (3) Begin to match boundaries e.g find same boundary of a country on different scale map.

Perspective: (2) Look down on objects to make a plan view (3) Begin to draw a sketch map from a high view point.

Map Knowledge: (2)Locate and name on UK map major features e.g London, River Thames, home location, seas. (3)

Begin to identify points on maps A, B, C

Style of Map: (2)Find land/ sea on globe, use teacher drawn base maps, use large scale OS maps, use an infant atlas(3) Use large scale OS map sites on internet, begin to use junior atlases, begin to identify features on aerial/ oblique photographs