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Year 4/5

Knowledge and skills covered over a 2 year rolling programme.

Knowledge Overview


Extend knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to Europe, Russia, South America

•Locate the world’s countries/ cities

•Position and significance of longitude, latitude, equator, northern and southern hemisphere

•Understand geographical similarities and differences through study of region of UK and European country and region in south America

•Locate places on a larger scale e.g UK, Brazil, Egypt, Greece

•Use atlas to find out about physical features e.g climate, weather, food, trade

•Recognise places on a map of different scales e.g River Nile, Mount Olympus, Ionian sea etc

•identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including day and night)

•physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle

 understand geographical

Geographical Enquiry: (4) Ask and respond to questions and offer their own ideas, extend to satellite images, aerial photographs, investigate places and themes at more than one scale, collect and record evidence with some aid, analyse evidence and draw conclusions e.g make comparisons between locations,/ photos/pictures/ maps. (5) Begin to suggest questions for investigating, begin to use primary and secondary sources of evidence in their investigations, investigate places with more emphasis on the larger scale contrasting places, collect and record evidence unaided, analyse evidence and draw conclusions e.g compare historical maps of varying scales e.g temperature of various locations-influence on people/ everyday life.

Direction/ location: (4) Use 4 compass points well, begin to use 8 compass points, use letter/ number co-ordinates to locate features on a map confidently. (5) Use 8 compass points, begin to use 4 figure co-ordinates to locate features on a map.

Drawing maps: (4) Make a map of a short route experienced with features in the correct order, make a simple scale drawing (5) begin to draw a variety of thematic maps based on their own data.

Representation: (4) Know why a key is needed, begin to recognise symbols on OS map (5) Draw a sketch map using symbols and a key/ use and recognise OS map symbols.

Using maps: (4) Locate places on a large scale maps (UK India on a globe)/ Follow a route on a large scale map. (5) Compare maps with aerial photographs, select a map for a specific purpose ( pick atlas to find Taiwan, OS map to find local village), begin to use atlases to find out about other features of places  ( wettest part of world)

Scale/ Distance: (4) Begin to match boundaries ( find same boundary of a county on different scaled maps) (5) Measure straight line distance on a plan/ find recognise places on maps of different scales ( e.g river Nile)  

Perspective: (4)Draw a sketch map from a high view point (5) Draw a plan view map with some accuracy

Map Knowledge: (4) Begin to identify significant places and environments (5) identify significant places and environments

Style of map: (4) Use large and medium scaled OS maps, use junior atlases, use maps sites on internet, identify features on aerial/ oblique photos (5) Use index and contents page within atlases, use medium scale land ranger OS maps